top of page

Physical description 

Complexion 

Tá cuma an bháis air            - he is very pale

Posture 

Cropthaith'          - crouched, stooped

Cruiteach         - humped, hunchback

Crouching

Do thóin leagthí ar do chuid sálaí            - your backside resting on your heels

Ina shuighe ar a ghogat            - he is sitting on his heels

Ina shuighe ar a choirbiongam           - he was squatting down, sitting on his heels

Barefoot 

ag imeacht ina gcosaí           - walking barefooted

Cosnochtach           - barefoot

Spotty 

Breac         – speckled 

Clean and dirty 

Cuma shlachtmar        - tidy appearance

Brocach        – dirty, grimy

Salach           – dirty

Feel 

Cruaí          - hard

Bog             - soft 

Scrábach           - rough

Garbh            - rough

Mín            - smooth

Rinneach          – sharp, pointed

Dlúth         - tight, compact

Tais          - damp

Fliuch            - wet 

Tirim         - dry

Underweight and overweight

Tanthaí          - thin 

Ramhar              – fat

Sceití           - fat

Sceití le feoil              - thick fat

Sceití le ramhar             - thick fat

Moving 

Bogadaí            –  rocking movement, stirring

Céim        – step

An-tiuf            - very quick

Sciobtha              - quickly 

go h-éascaí            - quickly

go mall           - slowly

Unstable 

a'forbhás         - something loose (like a chair leg)

a'chorradh' as a ábhar           - had moved out of its setting

Baintí as a’ngreim            - had been knocked loose

Strong 

Láidir            - strong 

Bríomhar           - robust

Weak 

Lag              - weak 

Laige              - weakness 

éitreoireach             - puny

Gan aon úrrus            - not very robust

Things with holes in them 

Mant       - little notch out of something

Sclamh          - a piece missing from something

Smailc              - a piece missing from something

Things that have bits that stick out 

Fearbh         - Lip, projection

Gob         – sticky out projection

Ina ghogaide           - something sticking up

a'báthadh amach            - sticking out

a'gobadh amach           - sticking out

Size and shape 

Sách mór         - large enough

Fathach           - giant 

Giortach            – short, stumpy

Beag       - small 

Gearr      - short

Mion          - tiny

Arcán              - dwarf

Beaga bídeacha         - minute, tiny 

Leathan            – wide

Giortach         - thick, stumpy

Caol         - narrow    or    Cúng        - narrow

Bolgach         - rotund

Leathslaigh          - half-sloping

uachtar       - the upper part

Lár       - middle

íochtar        - the lower part

Nach mbeadh cuma nó caoi air        - it was sort of shapeless

Bheadh cuid acu chomh mór is a bheadh siad choíche -                some of them would be as big as they'd ever be

Position 

Coladh         - outside

Ciumhas         - edge or    Cúis       - edge

ar a chorr           - on its edge

'chaon taobh         - on each side

Cuid ar 'achaon taobh         - some on either side

Curthaí ar a mhullach        - thrown on top of them

ag imeacht teanntaí leis        - keeping tight against it

Ar an thaobh na láimhe chlé       - on the left hand side

éirí i mullach         - land on top of it

Le taobh a chéilí        - side by side

a'dhul thart        - encircling

Looking calm 

Cuma diaganta          - angelic disposition

Cuma soineata          - serene appearance

State 

Bail            – state, condition

Lofaí              - rotten

Appearance

bean galánta           - beautiful (woman)

fear dathúil       - a handsome man

míofar        - ugly

Gránna            - ugly

ó íochtar go huachtar            - from bottom to top

radharc galánt'           - beautiful (scenery)

Tangled up 

in ainbhreó             - tangled

ag dhul in ainbhreó            - to get something tangled up

i bhfastó ina chéilí             - become entangled in each other

a'dhul in ainbhreó            - entangled

Hanging 

Curthaí i bhfastó             - suspended

Similar and different 

Bhí sé mar a gcéanna          - it was the same thing

Mórán mar a'gcéanna a'bheirt        - there were more or less the same thing

Difir           – difference

Rud a bhí a'dhul i gcosúlacht le              - something similar to it

Holding things 

Bheadh greim aige            - he'd have hold of 

Just right 

Feiliúnach           - suitable

Oiriúnach          - suitable

bottom of page